First Aid

  • Remember this mnemonic when you run into a situation that requires first aid
    Click on image for more info

So you see someone lying on the floor in front of you, what do you do?

  • Check if it is safe for you to attend to the person (he’s in the middle of the road, make sure there are no cars, don’t move him but traffic should be stopped)
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D stands for danger – is it safe for you to go up to the person (he’s in the middle of the road, make sure there are no cars, don’t move him but traffic should be stopped).

  • Call out to him, see if he replies, otherwise hold his shoulders and try squeezing them. If there’s no response, continue to the next step
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R stands for response – call out to him, see if he replies, otherwise hold his shoulders and try squeezing them. If there’s no response, continue to the next step.

  • Shout for help, someone should be on standby to call the emergencies
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S stands for shout – shout for help, someone should be on standby to call the emergencies

  • Look in their mouth for any obstructions (food, their tongue)
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A stands for airways – look in their mouth for any obstructions (food, their tongue).

  • Put your ear to their mouth while watching their chest for any raising, if there is sound/no feeling of air on your ear and you can’t see any chest movements 999 should be called
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B stands for breathing – put your ear to their mouth while watching their chest for any raising, if there is sound/no feeling of air on your ear and you can’t see any chest movements 999 should be called.

  • Examine the body for any obvious bleeding and compress appropriately. Feel for a pulse on the wrist where the red line is marked
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C stands for circulation – Examine the body for any obvious bleeding and compress appropriately. Feel for a pulse on the wrist where the red line is marked.

  • 30 compressions with 2 rescue breaths is the rule, starting on the compressions. You do it at 100BPM, the same tempo as the song 'Stayin’ alive'
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Now you can begin Compressions: 30 compressions with 2 rescue breaths is the rule, starting on the compressions. You do it at 100BPM, the same tempo as the song “Stayin’ alive”. Note how the arms of the man in the picture are straight, so yours should be too.

You should do this until the paramedics arrive, even if you’re not having any luck.

This has been a whistle stop tour to the mind-set of a first aided, if you’re interested in actually becoming a first aider St johns ambulance do Teaching Days.

References

Sam Fitzpatrick Final Year Medical Student, Cardiff University.

Milad Rouf Final Year Medical Student, Cardiff University.

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